Main Article Content
A visitor’s experience in space is one key research topic carried out by researchers from multiple disciplines. Regarding the architecture of a museum, research has shown that it is linked to a visitor’s spatial experience in that space. These spatial experiences are relating to aspects such as a visitor’s memory of location, feeling in the space, and making sense of exhibitions. Following the suggestion that architecture influences a visitor’s spatial experiences, we introduce a study addressing the accessibility of one’s vision, named visual access, formed by the architecture and its association with visitor’s exploration pattern. Additional approaches including observation and interviews were carried out to address this question. Results show that direct visual access has a higher influence than physical distance in a visitor’s decision for initial exploration of a museum. In addition, these results are also used to address the pattern of exploration taken by visitors.
Bafna, S. (2003). Space syntax: A brief introduction to its logic and analytical techniques. Environment and Behavior 35(1), 17-29. https://doi.org/10.1177/0013916502238863
Benedikt, M.L. (1979). To take hold of space: Isovists and isovist fields. Environment and Planning B: Planning and design 6(1), 47-65. https://doi.org/10.1068/b060047
Evans, G.W., Skorpanich, M.A., Gärling, T., Bryant, K.J. and Bresolin, B. (1984). The effects of pathway configuration, landmarks and stress on environmental cognition. Journal of Environmental Psychology 4(4), 323-35. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0272-4944(84)80003-1
Gärling, T., Lindberg, E. and Mäntylä, T. (1983). Orientation in buildings: Effects of familiarity, visual access, and orientation aids. Journal of Applied Psychology 68(1), 177. https://doi.org/10.1037/0021-9010.68.1.177
Hölscher, C., Büchner, S.J., Meilinger, T. and Strube, G. (2009). Adaptivity of wayfinding strategies in a multi-building ensemble: The effects of spatial structure, task requirements, and metric information. Journal of Environmental Psychology 29(2), 208-19. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvp.2008.05.010
Krukar, J. (2014). Walk, Look, Remember: The influence of the gallery’s spatial layout on human memory for an art exhibition. Behavioral Sciences 4(3),181-201. https://doi.org/10.3390/bs4030181
Lynch, K. (1960). The Image of a City. Cambridge: MIT Press.
Penn, A. (2003). Space syntax and spatial cognition: or why the axial line? Environment and Behavior 35(1), 30-65. https://doi.org/10.1177/0013916502238864
Schorch, P. (2013). The experience of a museum space. Museum Management and Curatorship 28(2),193-208. https://doi.org/10.1080/09647775.2013.776797
Turner, A., Doxa, M., O’Sullivan, D. and Penn, A. (2001). From isovists to visibility graphs: A methodology for the analysis of architectural space. Environment and Planning B: Planning and design 28(1), 103-21. https://doi.org/10.1068/b2684
Tzortzi, K. (2017). Museum architectures for embodied experience. Museum Management and Curatorship 32(5), 491-508. https://doi.org/10.1080/09647775.2017.1367258
Wiener, J.M., and Franz, G. (2005). Isovists as a means to predict spatial experience and behavior. In: Spatial Cognition IV: Reasoning, Action, Interaction, edited by C. Freska, M. Knauff, B. Krieg-Brückner, B. Nebel, and T. Barkowsky. Berlin: Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-32255-9_3