Artifacts and the Academic Motivation of African American Male Athletes
This study sought to examine to examine the academic motivations of African American male college athletes at a historically Black college and university (HBCU). Self-determination theory (SDT) was incorporated as the theoretical framework. Data were collected via artifacts from seven African American male college athletes at a HBCU in the mid-southern region of the United States. Explanation of the artifacts by the participants revealed that they were motivated by their family, their faith, and their resiliency. Findings, and their implications for research and practice, are discussed and presented.
Agyemang, K., Berg, B. K., & Fuller, R. D. (2018). Disrupting the disruptor: Perceptions as institutional maintenance work at the 1968 Olympic Games. Journal of Sport Management, 6, 567-580. https://doi.org/10.1123/jsm.2017-0268
Blank, A. S., Sweeney, K., & Fuller, R. D. (2014). Room for growth in professional sport: An examination of the factors affecting African-American attendance. Sport Marketing Quarterly, 23, 225.
Cokley, K. O. (2003). What do we know about the motivation of African American students? Challenging the “anti-intellectual” myth. Harvard Educational Review, 73, 524-558. https://doi.org/10.17763/haer.73.4.3618644850123376
Cooper, J. N. (2013). A culture of collective uplift: The influence of a historically Black university/college on Black male student athletes’ experiences. Journal of Issues in Intercollegiate Athletics, 6, 306-331.
Cooper, J. N., & Hall, J. (2014). Understanding Black male student athletes’ experiences at a historically Black college/university: A mixed methods approach. Journal of Mixed Methods Research, 1-18. https://doi.org/10.1177/1558689814558451
Cooper, J. N., & Hawkins, B. (2012). A place of opportunity: Black male student athletes’ experiences at a historically Black University. Journal of Intercollegiate Sport, 5, 170-188. https://doi.org/10.1123/jis.5.2.170
Creswell, J. W. (2007). Qualitative inquiry & research design: Choosing among five approaches (2nd ed). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (2000). The “what” and “why” of goal pursuits: Human needs and the self-determination of behavior. Psychological Inquiry, 11, 227-268. https://doi.org/10.1207/s15327965pli1104_01
Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (2002). Self-determination research: Reflections and future directions. In R. M. Ryan (Ed.), Handbook of self-determination research, (pp. 431-441). Rochester, NY: University of Rochester Press.
Donnor, J. K. (2006). Parent(s): The biggest influence in the education of African American football student-athletes. In A. D. Dixson, & C. K. Rousseau (Eds.), Critical race theory in education: All God’s children got a song (pp.153-166). New York, NY: Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315709796
Eisenhardt, K. M. (1989). Building theories from case study research. Academy of Management Review, 14(4), 532–550. https://doi.org/10.5465/amr.1989.4308385
Fuller, R. D. (2013). Race in pads and race in class? An examination of perceptions of stereotypes and racial discrimination among African American male college athletes. Journal for the Study of Sports and Athletes in Education, 7, 190 - 209. https://doi.org/10.1179/1935739713z.00000000012
Fuller, R. D. (2017). Perception or reality: The relationship between stereotypes, discrimination, and the academic outcomes of African American male college athletes. Journal of Sport and Social Issues, 41(5), 402-424. https://doi.org/10.1177/0193723517719664
Fuller, R. D., Harrison, C. K., Bukstein, S. J., Martin, B. E., Lawrence, S. M., & Gadsby, P. (2016). That smart dude: A qualitative investigation of the African American scholarballer identity. Urban Education. https://doi.org/10.1177/0042085916668955
Fuller, R. D., Lawrence, S. M., Harrison, C. K., Eyanson, J., & Parks, C. (2017). The impact of high school on the leadership development of African American male scholar-athletes. The High School Journal, 100, 146-162. https://doi.org/10.1353/hsj.2017.0004
Hagger, M. S., & Chatzisarantis, N. L. (2007). Intrinsic motivation and self-determination in exercise and sport. Champaigne, IL: Human Kinetics.
Harrison, C. K., & Lawrence, S. M. (2003). African American student athletes’ perceptions of career transition in sport: A qualitative and visual elicitation. Race Ethnicity and Education, 6(4), 373-394. https://doi.org/10.1080/1361332032000146384
Harrison, C. K., Martin, B. E., & Fuller, R. (2015). “Eagles don’t fly with sparrows:” Self determination theory, African American male scholar-athletes and peer group influences on motivation. The Journal of Negro Education, 84, 80-93. https://doi.org/10.7709/jnegroeducation.84.1.080
Hodder, I. (1994). The interpretation of documents and materials. In N. K. Denzin & Y. Lincoln (Eds.), Handbook of qualitative research (pp. 110-129). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Land, A., Mixon, J. R., Butcher, J., & Harris, S. (2014). Stories of six successful African American males high school students: A qualitative study. NASSP Bulletin, 98(2), 142–162. https://doi.org/10.1177/0192636514528750
Martin, B. E., Harrison, C. K., Stone, J., & Lawrence, S. M. (2010). Athletic voices and academic victories: African American male student-athlete experiences in the PAC-10. Journal of Sport & Social Issues, 34, 131-153. https://doi.org/10.1177/0193723510366541
Merriam, S. B. (2009). Qualitative research: A guide to design and implementation. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.
Patton, M. Q. (2002). Qualitative research and evaluation methods. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Singer, J. N. (2005). Understanding racism through the eyes of African American male student‐athletes. Race Ethnicity and Education, 8(4), 365-386. https://doi.org/10.1080/13613320500323963
Stebbins, R. A. (2006). Concatenated exploration: Aiding theoretic memory by planning well for the future. Journal of Contemporary Ethnography, 35(5), 483-494. https://doi.org/10.1177/0891241606286989
Taylor, R. J., Chatters, L. M., & Levin, J. (2003). Religion in the lives of African Americans: Social, psychological, and health perspectives. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
Copyright (c) 2019 Rhema Fuller, Eric Bailey
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.