The 4 M’s of Motivation: Keys to Motivating Student-Athletes


  • Ivana M. Rich Norfolk State University



academic motivation, academic success, motivation, values, student-athlete


Finding ways to motivate student-athletes can be a challenging task that requires creativity, autonomy and buy-in. The 4 M’s of Motivation: Keys to Motivating Student-Athletes introduces an innovative model that can be used by athletic academic professionals to help student-athletes cultivate and maintain motivation. 

Author Biography

Ivana M. Rich, Norfolk State University

I currently serve as a member of the Norfolk State University Student-Athlete Academic Support team as the Learning Specialist, Academic Coordinator for Men's and Women's Tennis and Tutoring Coordinator. 


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